Logic

Course Description: Logic is the art and science of reason.  The first semester begins with an overview of formal logic including the concept of truth.  The students will study the structures of formal logic including premises, conclusions, and arguments.  Building upon these structures the class will study the concepts of valid and invalid arguments.  In the first semester, the students will complete the text book The Art of Argument and will study the informal fallacies and informal logic. By the end of the semester, the students will begin to study the text book Tactics in order to build techniques of communication including reasoned thought, critical thinking, and active listening.  The students will also learn to control a conversation through the use of questions.   In the second semester the students will complete the text Tactics.  The students will learn the formal argument flaws and use them to assess real life arguments.   The course concludes with a study of formal logic in which the students will study propositional logic, standard categorical syllogisms, truth tables and symbolic logic.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Gain an understanding the immutable nature of truth;
  2. Will be able to recognize valid augments and invalid augments;
  3. Be aware fallacies and be able to recognize them in the real world discussions;
  4. Be able to manage and not manipulate control or coerce, to finesse and not fight in a conversation;
  5. Know the three basic laws of thought;
  6. Understand the rudimentary structures of formal logic.

Algebra

Course Description: Algebra is a continuation of the use of variables to solve difficult problems. This course provides students with a thorough and extensive study of linear, quadratic and exponential functions and graphing on the xy-coordinate system. By the end of this course, students will have all the knowledge necessary to solve and graph equations and inequalities. They will also be able to apply this knowledge to other areas of math, such as word problems, ratios and proportions.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Recognize the order, design, and beauty in the world around us, both in nature and in man-made inventions;
  2. Develop self-discipline by the use of careful calculations and checking skills;
  3. Recognize real-life applications of the Algebra they learn;
  4. Utilize fractions and decimals in Algebraic contexts;
  5. Add, subtract, multiply and divide expressions containing numbers and variables;
  6. Solve linear equations with one-two variables;
  7. Graph a linear equation given the equation or a table;
  8. Utilize linear, exponential and quadratic equations in real world contexts;
  9. Use the Quadratic Formula when appropriate.

Composition

Course Description: Composition is the study of, and practice in, writing using exercises of the progymnasmata.  Each assignment will correspond to the student’s studies in Literature.  The ten exercises in the progymnasmata students in grade 8 will focus on are as follows: Narration, Anecdote, Proverb Analysis, Confirmation & Refutation, Commonplace, Encomium, Comparison, Characterization, Description, and Proposal of Law.  Students will exercise these tools through pre-writing worksheets, thorough outlines, and multi-draft essays and research papers.  Students will also review and practice how to develop outlines and papers according to MLA requirements and format.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Develop and use appropriate outline formats;
  2. Develop introduction and conclusion paragraphs independently;
  3. Develop individual styles of writing appropriate for each assignment;
  4. Develop the skills of independent research;
  5. Utilize appropriate persuasive techniques;
  6. Hone poetry writing skills;
  7. Review English Grammar rules and definitions;
  8. Move toward developing appropriate thesis statements;
  9. Develop sound arguments using appropriate examples, incidents, and facts from literature, history, and the Bible.

Latin Grammar II

Course Description:  Latin II builds upon the lexical, morphological, and syntactic foundation laid in Latin I.  It provides students with a comprehensive continuation of their study of the classical Latin language as it in turn exemplifies Roman history and culture.  Students will greatly increase their working vocabulary and will continue their in-depth study of Latin morphology and syntax as they meet the dialectic challenge of relating lexical and morphological knowledge to the syntactic relationship of words strung together in a grammatical construction to arrive at an accurate, flowing translation.  They will complete the textbook and finish out the year by being introduced to the first few chapters of Gaius Julius Caesar’s De Bello Gallico, “On the Gallic War.”  In this work they will experience, first-hand, literature in the “wild” and recognize the lexical, morphological and syntactic constructions that they have been studying for the past two years.  This will serve both to give credence to their study in the “zoo” (textbook) and to prepare them for entering the literary “wild” (primary sources) in Latin III.  Students will further hone their rhetorical skills in the classroom by daily chants (Power Pills) of morphological paradigms, oral articulation of their knowledge and understanding of classical Latin, as well as regular comprehensive testing of vocabulary, morphology and syntax.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Value language as a gift from God;
  2. Recognize the reciprocal impact between language and culture;
  3. Detect the general principles of language construction;
  4. Evaluate the lexical and linguistic relationships between Latin and English;
  5. Generate an appreciation for great literature as they become involved in the original sources;
  6. Demonstrate poetic ability in writing and speaking;
  7. Relate the many influences of Latin and the Roman Empire to Western Civilization;
  8. Integrate knowledge of Latin with other disciplines studied;
  9. Develop the processes of induction and deduction through study of Latin;
  10. Expand both Latin and English vocabulary.

Literature

Course Description: Literature is the study of printed works used to express ideas, themes, and feelings through prose and poetry.  Eighth Grade Literature will give students exposure to the literature produced through the Renaissance, Western European Enlightenment, and early Colonial America in tandem with their study of the same periods in their Grade 8 History course.  Class discussions center on the historical impact of the writings, literary elements revealed, and primarily how thoughts and ideals expressed in the literature are supported or rejected by Biblical Literature, with an emphasis on the theme of “order.”

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Identify literary terms and use them appropriately;
  2. Develop hypothesis independently;
  3. Integrate ideas into an original proposal;
  4. Classify information appropriately;
  5. Assess information accurately according to historical events;
  6. Formulate authors’ and characters’ worldviews;
  7. Compare and contrast concepts and hypotheses accurately;
  8. Research and take notes using MLA format.

Eighth Grade Western Civilization II

Course Description: The history course for the eighth grade will build on the foundation begun in seventh grade by examining the important historical developments of Western Civilization beginning with the Middle Ages in Europe, and continuing through the Modern era. The instructor will train the students in the tools and skills of a historian through the course content.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Analyze the cultural, political, artistic, theological, philosophical, and economic developments of the civilizations and eras studied, as well as to articulate some long term influences of these developments in a way that is pleasing;
  2.  Evaluate these developments through the lens of a biblical worldview;
  3.  Examine major figures of these eras;
  4.  Summarize the influence of geography on culture;
  5.  Students will utilize the tools of knowledge, such as writing, discussion, organization, and debate in conjunction with their growing understanding of history.
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