Fifth Grade continues teaching history, Bible, science, and literature, but the dialectic phase and critical thinking skills are introduced. Fifth graders continue to use dictation to develop listening and analytical thinking skills and practicing the skill of condensing large portions of text into concise summaries. Traditional grammar instruction continues, including learning sentence diagramming using Rod & Staff Grammar.
Fifth grade students study ancient history and general science. They continue the study of Latin using Latin for Children. These students read books including The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett, Tales from Shakespeare by the Lambs, Where the Red Fern Grows by Wilson Rawls, Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyan, Greek Myths by D’Aulaire, The Children’s Homer by Padraic Colum, and Call of the Wild by Jack London, as well as poetry and short stories.
By the end of fifth grade, students will:
- be able to spell accurately, and write neatly in cursive, the 2,000 most commonly used words in the English language;
- identify sentence types and structures; accurately diagram sentences, including all eight parts of speech; and use correct mechanics of written English;
- master beginning Latin grammar and vocabulary;
- build problem-solving skills and strategies, multiply and divide two-digit numbers, fractions, mixed numbers, and decimals, solve equations and evaluate inequalities, find the area of a triangle, and surface area and volume of three-dimensional shapes, use ratios and percents and find the probability of an event, and apply properties of angles, triangles, and four-sided figures;
- be able to read and understand plot, main characters, and setting, and recognize (with guidance) literature terms such as metaphor, simile, characterization, and theme;
- be familiar with the major individuals and events of ancient history, and recite a thirty point timeline;
- be familiar with states of matter, density, the periodic table, chemical bonding, and chemical changes;
- recite Psalms 2, 130, and 145, plus various other memory verses and the books of the Bible;
- and recall main characters and stories of the Old Testament.