Humanities I

Course Description: Humanities I develops the skills of the student in the areas of critical thinking and writing, and to acquire the experiences of the Ancients and Medievals. The class will read and interact with the great works of literature, philosophy and history of the eras covered. Understanding the basic worldview of each author and major figure, and fostering an appreciation for these timeless works, is the end to which the class will strive through diligent reading, thoughtful discussion and careful writing.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Comprehend the basic meaning of the text;
  2. Take organized and useful reading notes and reading outlines;
  3. Accurately communicate the meaning of the text in speech and writing;
  4. Identify the evidence (or lack thereof) for the meaning of the text;
  5. Apply ideas raised in course to modern events and contexts in discussion and writing;
  6. Evaluate the worldview and its consequences in light of Scriptural truth;
  7. Coherently express a thesis, clearly support the thesis with topic sentences, and soundly support the topic sentences with premises.


Course Description: Biology is an overview of the living organisms on the Earth. The study begins with an introduction to the scientific factors that define life. The first semester progresses from the very simplest bacteria through the more complex life forms. The course of study then develops the anatomy of a living cell with all of its component parts. An in depth analysis of DNA and Organic Chemistry follows. The second semester begins with a detailed look at Mendelian Genetics, Darwin, and the Hypothesis of Evolution. The rest of the semester is devoted to the plant and animal kingdoms. Several amphibian, reptilian, and mammalian dissections will be conducted during this semester.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Identify microscopic images of single celled living organisms either through photographs or actual microscope slides;
  2. Identify individual parts of the living cell and describe how those parts function;
  3. Understand the basic organic chemistry of cell respiration, reproduction, and regeneration;
  4. Know and understand DNA structure, reproduction, transcription, and translation.
  5. Know the basics of Organic Chemistry and how it relates to cell function;
  6. Be introduced to Mendelian Genetics and be required to work through various reproductive scenarios;
  7. Will be given an introduction to Darwin and his Evolution Hypothesis and will be required to analyze the differences between his work and modern evolutionists’ thought;
  8. Participate in several dissections to the study the internal structure of various animal specimens;
  9. Conduct research of their environment on their own and how it relates to our studies in the classroom.


Course Description: Geometry is a broad overview of the study of shape. It includes a general history of mathematics, the study of line, angle, and a variety of shapes. The derivation of theorems and justification of information is accomplished by proofs. This leads to a natural discussion of the nature of mathematics as a formal language. Emphasis will be placed on formal construction.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Recognize the order, design, and beauty in the world around us, both in nature and in man-made inventions;
  2. Recognize uses of geometry in man-made construction;
  3. Construct a variety of shapes and lines with given criteria;
  4. Develop construction skills to the extent that new constructions can be made based on previous knowledge;
  5. Express abstract thought precisely in formal proofs;
  6. Memorize tens of theorems necessary to write proofs;
  7. Utilize triangle congruence as a means to describe larger shapes;
  8. Understand geometrical relationships by means of geometry problems.

Latin Grammar III

Course DescriptionLatin III will complete the last few chapters of the textbook which will also encompass important review of earlier material. Students, then, will use their grammatical knowledge and dialectic understanding of the logical and coherent nature of Latin grammar to read and translate various classical works throughout the year. From these writings, students will enter a dialectical challenge as they encounter the perennial problems of the human condition at their beginning and in their simplest form. They will see that the ancient Roman culture gives lessons that have been sifted and thoroughly digested over time, thus enabling them to see the consequences of actions more clearly and to draw conclusions more objectively than would be the case with modern works. The rhetorical aspect of the course will be addressed in a two-fold format:  1) through students’ oral articulation of their knowledge and understanding of Latin grammar as discussion of texts is generated and 2) by means of regular comprehensive testing of texts studied that will include such concepts as vocabulary, morphology, syntax, philosophy, culture, history, geography, etc. The course will emphasize a comparison of the content of texts written from a pagan viewpoint in their historical context with the content and teaching of Holy Scripture. Students will increase their working vocabulary and syntactic understanding as they encounter familiar vocabulary and grammar as well as new and different literary genres.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Value language as a gift from God;
  2. Recognize the reciprocal impact between language and culture;
  3. Detect the general principles of language construction;
  4. Evaluate the lexical and linguistic relationships between Latin and English;
  5. Generate an appreciation for great literature as they become involved in the original sources;
  6. Differentiate positive & negative character traits of notable historical figures, relate them to biblical Christianity & draw comparisons to other figures throughout history;
  7. Compare writing styles of various ancient authors, evaluate events & social ills in their ancient context & draw comparisons to the modern day;
  8. Demonstrate poetic ability in writing and speaking;
  9. Relate the many influences of the Latin language and the Roman Empire to Western Civilization;
  10. Integrate knowledge of Latin with other disciplines studied;
  11. Develop the processes of induction and deduction through study of Latin;
  12. Expand both Latin and English vocabulary.


Course Description: Ninth grade Rhetoric will take the students deeper into the skill of written and oratorical communication, moving beyond organizing and outlining a well-structured piece, and more deeply into synthesizing writing that is beautiful and artistic. This course also serves as a formal introduction to the rules, language, theory, and history of rhetoric.  Students will study Aristotle’s classic The Art of Rhetoric throughout the year while exercising all tools in the progymnasmata.  Each of the three days a week assembled, students will engage in discussion and practice writing and oral presentation based on readings from Aristotle and literature from their humanities courses.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Apply creativity and beauty to written works;
  2. Define basic rhetorical terms;
  3. Participate in discourse with civility and humility;
  4. Identify fallacies in arguments both given and received;
  5. Present extemporaneous oratory with eloquence and poise;
  6. Identify distinguishing factors between God’s truth and man’s theory;
  7. Develop original theses independently;
  8. Conduct research with confidence, accuracy, and integrity;
  9. Begin applying rhetorical skills in scholastic and social settings.

Upper School Choir

Course Description: Composed of all 9th – 12th grade students, students practice proper singing technique and study elements of music theory while learning quality choral literature. Literature is chosen from a variety of musical periods, incorporating different styles and languages. The choir then shares this music with our community, singing for various events throughout the school year.  Music education contributes to a stronger body and mind, and develops valuable life skills such as confidence, self-discipline, responsibility, and cooperation. The Upper School Choir is intended to provide a supportive and fun environment in which to foster growth in all of these areas.