Course Description: The aim of second year Rhetoric is a studied cultivation of pleasant English style.  While style and structure are the principal concerns of the course, students must also incorporate principles of logical argument into their compositions, with special attention paid to the desirable forms of rhetorical debate (as well as common fallacies).  As in the previous year, the progymnasmata provide the structure and sequence of written and oral assignments.

Course Objectives:  Students will:

  1. Understand and apply the principles of good English usage, as described in Strunk & White’s classic textbook, The Elements of Style;
  2. Acquire a critical appreciation for the forms of rhetorical argument (enthymemes) and their desirable qualities—brevity, concreteness, precision, etc.;
  3. Identify and analyze the proper form of rhetorical induction (examples, analogies, sources and appeals to authority) in distinction to common inductive fallacies;
  4. Practice charitable debate, both with real and hypothetical interlocutors/audiences;
  5. Cultivate rhetorical humility as the “ethical proof” appropriate to student-writing.

 Humanities II

Course Description: Humanities II develops the skills of the student in the areas of logical thinking and writing, and to acquire the experiences of the Medievals, Reformers and Early Moderns. The class will read and interact with the great works of literature, philosophy and history of the Middle Ages, Renaissance, Reformation and Modern periods. Understanding the basic worldview of each author and major figure, and fostering an appreciation for these timeless works and their historical context, is the end to which we will strive through diligent reading, thoughtful discussion and careful writing.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Comprehend the basic meaning of the text;
  2. Take organized and useful reading notes and reading outlines;
  3. Accurately communicate the meaning of the text in speech and writing;
  4. Identify the evidence (or lack thereof) for the meaning of the text;
  5. Apply ideas raised in course to modern events and contexts in discussion and writing;
  6. Analyze the worldview and its consequences in light of Scriptural truth;
  7. Coherently express a thesis, clearly support the thesis with topic sentences, and soundly support the topic sentences with premises.

Algebra 2

Course Description: Algebra 2 is a second year of algebraic thinking. It includes a review of Algebra 1, including multiple equations with multiple unknowns.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Recognize the order, design, and beauty in the world around us, both in nature and in man-made inventions;
  2. Recognize uses of geometry in man-made construction;
  3. Construct a variety of shapes and lines with given criteria;
  4. Develop construction skills to the extent that new constructions can be made based on previous knowledge;
  5. Express abstract thought precisely in formal proofs;
  6. Memorize tens of theorems necessary to write proofs;
  7. Utilize triangle congruence as a means to describe larger shapes;
  8. Understand geometrical relationships by means of geometry problems;
  9. Demonstrate logical steps taken to solve second-year algebraic problems;
  10. Develop self-discipline by the use of careful calculations and checking skills;
  11. Recognize real-life applications of the Algebra they learn.


Course Description: Chemistry is a yearlong overview of matter and it’s interaction with everything in the Universe. The study begins with an introduction to the scientific definitions of matter, energy, and their relationship. The first semester progresses from the basic building blocks of matter to the structure of those components. The course of study then develops the forces that affect matter and the interactions of elements on a microscopic and macroscopic level. An in depth analysis of atomic bonding and chemical reactions follow. The second semester begins with a detailed look at the mathematics of chemical reactions and the states of matter. The rest of the semester is devoted to chemical equilibrium, states of matter, and thermodynamics.

Course Objectives: Students will:

  1. Identify the microscopic structure of the basic elemental atom and its components;
  2. Identify the forces affecting the nucleus and the surrounding electrons;
  3. Understand the basic chemical structure of isotopes, ions, and atomic charge;
  4. Know and understand the various electron bonds associated with atoms and the equations uses to describe those reactions;
  5. Know the basics of balancing chemical equations using stoichiometry;
  6. Will be introduced to the concept of Quantum Physics and its relationship to atomic motion;
  7. Will be introduced to atomic Thermodynamics and kinematics. In addition, a brief overview of Organic Chemistry will be offered.

New Testament and Greek Grammar I

Course Description:  Each student will fulfill the grammar stage of New Testament Greek Grammar I through mastery of a fundamental Greek vocabulary (approximately 500 words), 3 noun declensions and their variations, thematic and athematic verb conjugations, as well as other substantives, verbals and pertinent forms and rules.  This will be accomplished by means of weekly vocabulary lists, morphological paradigms, syntactic explanations, practical exercises, select readings, and quizzes which serve to give practical expression to the ancient koineGreek language.  The course will emphasize the differences in tense and aspect in the verb as well as their close relationship. In addition, students will gain an awareness of the historical relationship of biblical Greek to earlier classical and Hellenistic Greek. Each student will encounter a dialectic challenge as he/she uses lexical and morphological knowledge in conjunction with the syntactic relationship of words strung together in a grammatical construction to arrive at an accurate, flowing translation.  The student will fulfill the rhetorical dimension of the course in several ways:  by oral recitation of Greek paradigms (Power Pills), by explanation of key facets of Greek grammar, and through the comprehensive critical analysis of a New Testament Greek text designed for the student to express his/her poetic knowledge of New Testament Greek.

Course Objectives:  Students will:

  1. Value language as a gift from God;
  2. Recognize the reciprocal impact between language and culture;
  3. Detect the general principles of language construction;
  4. Evaluate the lexical and linguistic relationships between Greek, Latin and English;
  5. Explain the difference between tense and aspect in the ancient Greek verbal system and utilize them in accordance with their grammatical context;
  6. Generate an appreciation for great literature as they become involved in the original sources;
  7. Demonstrate an expressive, eloquent and cogent ability in writing and speaking;
  8. Relate the influences of the Greek language and the ancient world of both Greece and the Roman Empire to Western Civilization;
  9. Integrate knowledge of the Greek language with other disciplines studied;
  10. Develop the processes of induction and deduction through study of Greek;
  11. Expand both Greek and English vocabulary.

Upper School Choir

Course Description: Composed of all 9th – 12th grade students, students practice proper singing technique and study elements of music theory while learning quality choral literature. Literature is chosen from a variety of musical periods, incorporating different styles and languages. The choir then shares this music with our community, singing for various events throughout the school year.  Music education contributes to a stronger body and mind, and develops valuable life skills such as confidence, self-discipline, responsibility, and cooperation. The Upper School Choir is intended to provide a supportive and fun environment in which to foster growth in all of these areas.